Ugadi one of the important festival in india, the day of Chitra Shudda Padyami (Pratipada) is celebrated as Ugadi the Hindu new year in Andhrapradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra the southern states of India. The spring season starts from this day. In this season trees are bloom with new leaves and fresh flowers. Mango trees are full with raw Mangoes with nightagles chants on mango tree. All the world becomes fresh with greenery. Ugadi 2013 falls on 11th April, 2013: Thursday.
History Of Ugadi
The name Yugadi or Ugadi is derived from the Sanskrit words yuga (age) and ādi (beginning): “The beginning of a new age”. It falls on the different day every year because the Hindu calendar is a lunisolar calendar. The Saka calendar begins with the month of Chaitra (March–April) and Ugadi marks the first day of the Hindu new year. Chaitra is the first month of Panchanga as in the Indian calendar.
The people of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka use the term Ugadi/Yugadi for this festival, one of the important hindu festival, where as the people of Maharashtra terms as Gudi Padawa (Marathi: गुढी पाडवा),For the same festival, observed on the same day. In Karnataka a special dish called obbattu or Holige, is prepared. In Andhra Pradesh, a special dish is prepared using Andhra recipes, called Bhakshyalu or Bobbatlu (Polelu), in Maharashtra special Puran Poli are prepared on this occasion. It consists of a filling (gram and jaggery/sugar boiled and made in to a paste) stuffed in a flat roti-like bread. It is usually eaten hot or cold with ghee or milk topping or coconut milk at some places of Karnataka. Another dish which is prepared on occasion of Ugadi is Ugadi pachhadi in Andhra Pradesh.
Ugadi Festival Food
Special Delicacies‘Ugadi Pacchadi’ is the traditional Ugadi Andhra recipe is prepared by the people of Andhra Pradesh. It is a mixture of six tastes – Raw Mango (tangy), Neem (bitter), Tamarind Juice (sour), Green Chilli/Pepper (heat), Jaggery and ripe banana pieces (sweet), Pinch of salt, which symbolize life as a blend of different experiences (sorrow, joy, anger, fear, disgust, surprise), which should be accepted together. This Item in Karnataka known as “Bevu Bella”. Ugadi is celebareted to mark the beginning of a new Hindu Lunar calendar. It is a day when mantras are chanted and predictions for the new year are made. The most important thing in this festival is Panchanga Shravanam – hearing of the Panchanga. The Panchanga Shravanam ceremony is done at the temples by the priests. Before reading out the annual forecasts as predicted in the Panchanga, the officiating priest reminds the participants of the creator – Brahma, and the span of creation of the universe.
In Marathi, people bless each other using the phrase, ‘गुढी पाडव्याच्या हार्दिक शुभेच्छा’ (Gudhi Padvyachya Hardik Shubhechcha).